Crowds of refugees in a DP camp in Italy

Crowd of adults and children at a DP Camp in Italy

Gruliasco, Italy, Circa 1940s. Gruliasco DP Camp in Italy

Adults and children at the Gruliasco Displaced Persons Camp in Italy. The Yiddish caption says that the man at the center holding up the little girl is the director of the camp, Guditz. After World War II, but before the Displaced Persons Act, Italy was the primary transit country for Jewish DPs who wished to leave Europe and settle in Palestine. Their stay in Italy was prolonged by the British anti-immigration policy. Up until 1948 that policy had barred them from entering Palestine in large numbers. In 1945, there were about 12,000 Jewish displaced persons in Italy.